Speculation: Restrictions on Hydroxychloroquine Contribute to the COVID-19 Instances Surge

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visitor publish by Leo Goldstein

[cr note: This is an interesting hypothesis from Leo Goldstein.  I’ll add some observations]

We’ve a pointy surge within the new COVID-19 instances. The primary [or just one factor out of several, a contributor ~cr] trigger is more likely to be the drop in using Hydroxychloroquine primarily based remedy, following the FDA Memorandum of June 15. The FDA Memorandum accompanied the revocation of the Emergency Use Authorization for Hydroxychloroquine and Chloroquine from the Nationwide Strategic Stockpile. The FDA Memorandum vilified the drug, falsely alleging that it’s not protected and “unlikely to be efficient” in opposition to COVID-19 – when hundreds of medical doctors have handled tons of of hundreds of sufferers with it . The Nationwide Institutes of Well being’s NIH COVID-19 Panel up to date its Pointers to match on the FDA’s opinion the following day.

Though Hydroxychloroquine stays an authorized drug and medical doctors can nonetheless prescribe it off-label, the FDA’s and NIH’s opinions have important affect. State governments and medical boards adhere to the FDA opinion, of their subsequent suggestions. Even when HCQ will not be banned outright, such opinion creates a chilling impact on pharmacies, medical doctors, hospitals, and, particularly insurance coverage corporations.

From the declaration by Jeremy Snavely, 6/22:

A number of members of AAPS have communicated to AAPS their lack of ability to prescribe hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) for a full routine to deal with or stop COVID-19, together with however not restricted to physicians in Western Michigan, Georgia, New Jersey, Arizona, and Texas.

Quite a few doctor members of AAPS, together with this “Dr. John

Doe,” fairly concern retaliation in opposition to them by state medical boards primarily based on

Defendants’ irrational restrictions on HCQ together with the incorporation of the

directive made to state medical boards by the Federation of State Medical Boards.


HCQ Advantages

It is very important notice that early antiviral remedy of sufferers with COVID-19 signs, utilizing HCQ + AZ (+Zn), advantages not solely the affected person, however the public basically. Such remedy rapidly reduces the viral load within the affected person and the possibilities of the additional transmission. [While this may be the case, generally evidence at this time only exists for improved outcomes for patients~cr]

Fig. 1. US every day new confirmed COVID-19 instances per day, 7-day rolling common

Fig. 1 exhibits that the every day variety of new instances was declining in April and Could, as many states have been re-opening, then remained on the identical stage, regardless of a rise in testing. Even the riots and demonstrations that began on Could 26 didn’t result in seen will increase. Nonetheless, after June 15 the every day variety of new instances shot up and continues rising.

Fig. 2. US exams per confirmed COVID-19 case, 7-day rolling common

The standard time between the an infection and onset of signs is Three-5 days. Discover that the graphs are rolling averages, akin to central averages of Three-Four days earlier than.

Fig. 2 exhibits that the quantity exams per a brand new case was steadily rising (getting higher) from round April 16 to June 16. It has been falling after that.

The Sport Changer

Sure, an early stage Hydroxychloroquine + Azithromycin remedy was the sport changer within the struggle in opposition to COVID-19. Fig. Three-Four exhibits that COVID-19 has by no means gotten a lot traction in Asia, Africa, and Australia, partly due to broad availability and absence of prejudice in opposition to CQ/HCQ in these areas. In March, most COVID-19 deaths have been occurring in Europe, and their quantity was rising uncontrollably.

Fig. Three. Day by day COVID-19 deaths, 7-day rolling common

However on March 16, Dr. Didier Raoult publicized his HCQ+AZ remedy routine. Docs in Italy and Spain began to make use of it, though slowly and solely in hospital settings. On March 19, President Donald Trump “touted” it, instantly making this remedy fashionable on the planet. On March 22-23, Dr. Zelenko revealed his protocol, including Zinc, and, extra importantly, stressing the necessity to deal with early, with out ready for testing or hospital admission. Early HCQ+AZ remedy ramped up in Europe between March 21 and March 28. In Italy, it turned the usual of care even for gentle instances.

A number of the sufferers who didn’t obtain HCQ+AZ remedy well timed continued dying, with a typical two weeks between closing window for anti-viral remedy and the dying. Those that obtained it, sometimes recovered. Round March 25, the rising variety of new instances was matched by the rising variety of HCQ-based remedies. That is mirrored by the April 10 peak on the chart, which is a mean of recorded deaths from April Three to April 10. After that, the people received, and the variety of every day deaths went down.

The dynamics in North America was completely different. Governors of New York and Michigan, affected by the Trump Derangement Syndrome, rejected the hydroxychloroquine, with heartbreaking penalties.

Fig. Four. Day by day COVID-19 instances, 7-day rolling common

If a case consequence is dying, this takes place on common 18.5 days after the signs seem. Assuming that the window for efficient antiviral intervention is Four-5 days, a typical dying occurs about two weeks after the window closes. There was a major enhance in testing throughout this era. Discover that the graphs are rolling averages, akin to central averages of Three-Four days earlier than.

Prevention of dangerous consequence of COVID-19 will not be the one advantage of HCQ + AZ remedy. It additionally decreases transmission. COVID-19 sufferers are most infective inside about Four-Eight days since signs seem. The contaminated individuals who’ve signs present them Three-5 days after the an infection. Thus, an untreated “confirmed case” causes extra symptomatic or “confirmed” sufferers 7-11 days later [this is hypothetical and not really known~cr]. That is the way it labored till March 20, resulting in the averaged peak of about 45 every day instances within the week March 26 – April 2. Then they ramped up the early remedy, instantly lowering the viral hundreds and possibilities of transmission. Round March 25, they have been treating sufficient individuals early sufficient to lower the transmission coefficient under 1. The continual drop within the new instances, displaying on the chart after April 7, is the proof to it.

HCQ-based prophylaxis may need been an element, too. Discover that shutdowns additionally occurred within the related time-frame, and, most likely, contributed to stopping and reversing the COVID-19 epidemic in Europe.


States that had low an infection ranges and used HCQ broadly, like Texas and Florida, are particularly affected. The every day variety of new instances in Texas has quadrupled since June 15! Texas has largely reopened in Could. All through the Could and first half of June, the every day variety of instances remained under 2,000. The FDA memo was adopted on June 19 by a stronger worded assertion from Texas Medical Affiliation. (The present TMA management is militantly leftist.) The variety of every day new instances went up and exceeded Eight,000 on July 1.

Missing authorized authority to ban medical doctors from prescribing FDA-approved non-controlled medication, some state governments used their capacity to manage pharmacies to chop sufferers’ entry to Hydroxychloroquine. Surprisingly, the Texas State Board of Pharmacy was one of many first to try this. Its order mentioned:

No prescription or remedy order for chloroquine, hydroxychloroquine, mefloquine, or azithromycin could also be disbursed or distributed until all the next apply:
(1) the prescription or remedy order bears a written prognosis from the prescriber according to the proof for its use;
(2) the prescription or remedy order is proscribed to not more than a fourteen (14) day provide, until the affected person was beforehand established on the remedy previous to the efficient date of this rule; and
(Three) no refills could also be permitted until a brand new prescription or remedy order is furnished.

This “according to the proof for its use” was interpreted as a permission to dispense hydroxychloroquine and azithromycin for COVID-19. It is perhaps that this interpretation has modified to prohibition after June 16.

[Florida does not have such a leftist medical board and has been forging its own path~cr]

Mutations Potential

The excessive viral load within the inhabitants additionally will increase chance of antagonistic mutations.

On July Three, Dr. Fauci mentioned that the coronavirus mutated right into a extra transmissible pressure. That is one thing anticipated when the one measure in opposition to it’s social distancing. Such mutation may need been extra vital issue within the progress of instances.

No matter the reason for the expansion within the new every day instances, wider and early use of HCQ+AZ is an answer. [potentially~cr]

The FDA Memo, June 15

On June 15, the FDA revoked Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) for HCQ & CQ. This EUA was ineffective anyway. However it was accompanied by a memorandum, trying as science, however being something however.

Outright Lies

The FDA memo claimed 347 studies of antagonistic results from HCQ within the context, implying these occasions occurred within the US. It was primarily based on HHS inside Evaluation of Hydroxychloroquine and Chloroquine performed by CDER Workplace of Surveillance and Epidemiology and delivered on Could 19 (“the OSE Evaluation”). This assessment was launched to the general public on July 1. It mentioned that solely 97 alleged instances of antagonistic impact have been within the US, whereas 250 ones have been overseas.


The efficacy of HCQ + AZ, with and with out Zn, given early, have been reported by hundreds of physicians all over the world, and confirmed by greater than a dozen of peer reviewed research. The FDA elected to disregard them. It referred to all COVID-19 remedy regimens, utilizing HCQ, as in the event that they have been one remedy. The FDA memo talked about the British RECOVERY research, during which the researchers gave their sufferers a poisonous dose (2,400 mg/day) of Hydroxychloroquine as a result of they blended up hydroxychloroquine with hydroxyquinoline. It additionally referred to the unfinished and never reported ORCHID trial (NCT04332991). This trial repeated outdated errors – HCQ was given to hospitalized (i.e., doubtless late stage) sufferers, with neither Azithromycin nor Zinc.

With the identical logic, the FDA carried out a literature assessment. The assessment was restricted to the CDC library, thus omitting all research not included in it. Even that was not sufficient. The FDA faraway from the assessment probably the most worthwhile half – medical trials, together with randomized medical trials. It restricted the assessment to observational papers (known as “research of databases” by Dr. Raoult), together with the notorious Mehra et al.


Opposite to the FDA Memo allegations, the OSE Evaluation didn’t state that HCQ or HCQ+AZ mixture is unsafe. The uncooked numbers counsel extraordinary security of HCQ+AZ remedy. There have been solely 97 studies of antagonistic results in tons of of hundreds of individuals handled with it.

QT prolongation was probably the most reported “antagonistic impact.” Actually, it’s not an antagonistic impact, however a computed worth, offering preliminary warning earlier than an antagonistic impact, like Torsades de Pointes, arrhythmia, or tachycardia would possibly occur.

The contra-indications for HCQ=AZ (together with arrhythmia, tachycardia, and G6PD deficiency), and drug-interactions with sturdy QT prolongers (together with some fashionable anti-depressants and anti-psychotics) are identified and ought to be revered.

On the late stage, COVID-19 causes cardiac arrest in a number of the sufferers. Apparently, when HCQ+AZ is given on the late stage, there is perhaps detrimental synergy with the injury from COVID-19 in some sufferers. However the correct HCQ use is to begin the remedy early.

OSE Evaluation acknowledges the next limitations of its information (emphasis is added):

FAERS information have limitations. First, there is no such thing as a certainty that the reported occasion was truly because of the product. FDA doesn’t require causal relationship between a product and occasion be confirmed, and studies don’t at all times include sufficient element to correctly consider an occasion. Additional, FDA doesn’t obtain studies for each antagonistic occasion or remedy error that happens with a product. Many elements can affect whether or not or not an occasion will likely be reported, such because the time a product has been marketed and publicity about an occasion. Subsequently, FAERS information can’t be used to calculate the incidence of an antagonistic occasion or remedy error within the U.S. inhabitants.


Docs and pharmacists ought to disregard FDA/NIH/AMA/barking-dogs insinuations about Hydroxychloroquine. State governments ought to take away authorized and unlawful impediments to make use of Hydroxychloroquine in early remedy of COVID-19 sufferers.

[Further research are doubtless wanted to develop this speculation similar to correlating prescriptions per county to any modifications to rising case numbers.  There are scores of research not being carried out on this hyperpolitical setting, similar to:

One: 65 plus yr olds who maintain their grandkids vs those that don’t vs those that don’t have grandkids.

Two: research of family transmission as a perform of socioeconomic standing, ethnicity, family measurement, home measurement.

Three: missed diagnostic procedures for varied cancers, eg mammography, colonoscopies. Extrapolate delayed prognosis to extra prices, ie extra superior, and extra deaths.

4: Month-to-month dying charges for the foremost lessons of ailments from January through now.

5: adjudicated opinions of a pattern of ‘covid deaths’.


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